diarrhea problems in dogs and cats- the definition:
diarrhea can be acute - that is, a sudden attack that does not last long only a few days, 4-5 days at most and it is quite frequent in our pets - or chronic - i.e. diarrhea to repetition and which can last more than 15 days. diarrhea can be defined as an increase in the frequency of defecation and the more or less liquid texture of the stool. the stools may have very different colors and/or odors.
- risk factors:
the cat is carnivorous as well as the dog, but the dog is the most omnivore of carnivores. He is often the kind of recovery! He is so inclined to ingest both digestible and indigestible substances.
wood, stones, bones, household waste, etc.
Some other risk factors should also be mentioned:
- unsanitary conditions
- age: puppies and kittens
- intestinal parasites
- viral infections
- dog and cat shows
- raw diets due to certain bacteria (salmonella, E. coli)
the possible causes:
-poor quality food
-a quick change of food type or brand
-toxin ingestion (spoiled food, toxic plants, etc.)
-supercharging (very frequent)
2. Parasites :
-following a stool analysis, we may discover some of the parasites such as hookworms, roundworms (roundworms), roundworms (roundworms)
flatworms, coccidia or giardia.
3. Bacterial :
E. coli, salmonella, and diarrhea due to absorption
of antibiotics caused by the increase in flora
4. Viral :
-leukemia (by secondary infections)
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
-some heart medications
6. Foreign body in the intestine.
7. Some diseases such as pancreatic, liver diseases
and kidneys as well as diabetes.
acute diarrhea is often non-specific and resolves
usually within 24 to 48 hours. unless the animal is very ill in point, it's not an emergency and a home treatment is usually satisfactory. diarrhea is not, in itself, a disease. the animal tries to purify its digestive system of ingested toxins.
- From the beginning: young from 24 to 36 hours. Only a little bit of liquid (electrolyte solution from the pharmacy would be indicated)
- The use of bland food will support improvement. by, for example, rice with light cottage cheese or yogurt plain, plus a little chicken breast. Do not use oil or spice.
- The addition of bismuth (Pepto-Bismol) can be considered, but with precautions. The dose will be 0.5ml to 1 ml per pound every 6 to 8 hours.
do not use in cats because Pepto-Bismol contains aspirin which can be toxic to him. after 48 hours, slowly return to your child's usual food, ideally 3 to 5 small meals during the first few days. Usually half / half; usual food and the mixture mentioned above.
at this time:
if diarrhea persists for more than 48-72 hours, your animal seems feverish, agitated and, above all, showing signs of fever abdominal pain, it would be advisable to visit your doctor veterinary. following physical, radiological and/or radiological examinations laboratory the veterinary doctor will make a precise diagnosis and you will advise appropriate treatment.
questions the veterinarian will ask you during a consultation associated with this problem. Prepare your answers
- How many days has the problem been going on?
- Age of the animal?
- If the sick animal is a puppy or kitten, he will ask you for his from.
- What is the history of his vaccination?
- Its diet: Sudden change in diet?
What kind of food?
- Does he receive any medication? if so, which ones?
- Has he been under any stress lately? (moving,
new work schedule, new pet at home)
our pets are commonly prone to infections humane.
It is therefore essential:
-to have good hygiene: frequent hand washing - especially the children. frequent cleaning of cushions, beds, posts and litter boxes.
Washing bowls for food and water after each meal.
-Avoid raw food: There is a high risk of transmission of contagious bacteria such as E. Coli and Salmonella.
editor: raymond racicot, a veterinary doctor
Collaborators: serge boutet, agronomist
yannick lafrance, animal health technician.