|maltese (bichon maltais)|
maltese (bichon maltais)ORIGIN: central mediterranean basin
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL STANDARD IN
IN FORCE: 13.11.2015.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
the qualifier "maltese" does do not mean that this breed originates from the island of malta. actually, the adjective maltese comes from the semitic term "màlat", which means refuge or port. the semitic origin of this word can be found in the names of many maritime places: this is the case of the island of media, in the adriatic Sea, from the city of melita in Sicily or from Malta again. the ancestors of this small dog lived in the ports and maritime cities around the central mediterranean, where they hunted mice and rats from which the docks and holds of boats. In its nomenclature of dogs contemporary with it's at the time, aristotle (384-322 B.C.) mentioned a small dog breed that he then refers to the Latin name: "canes licenses". this dog was already known from the time of ancient rome, when he was the companion a favourite of the matrons and the object of praise of strabon, latin poet who lived in the 1st-century ad. in the representations of the bichon maltese many painters of the renaissance, the small dog appears in the salons of yesteryear alongside beautiful ladies from at the time.
galtese general appearance:small in size, with an oblong body. covered with very long white hair. very elegant, with a proud and noble head.
the length of the body exceeds about 1/3 the height at the withers. The length of the head represents 6/11 of the height at the withers. the circumference of the chest exceeds the height at the withers by 2/3. The length of the chamfer represents 4/11 of the length of the head, i.e. a little less by half. The depth of the muzzle is well below 20% of its length. The length of the tail represents about 60% of the height at withers.
BEHAVIOUR/CARACTER: Lively, affectionate, very docile and very intelligent.
HEAD: Fairly wide, with a slightly protruding to mid-length width.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull: Be a bit longer than a muzzle. the bizygomatic width is equal to its length. Very slightly ovoid in the sagittal direction, the skull flattens at its part with a barely marked occipital crest. the frontal bone and the supra-orbital arch are very prominent; the frontal furrow is very slightly marked, if at all; the lateral surfaces of the parietal bones are somewhat convex.
Stop: The fronto-nasal depression is very clearly marked, forming a 90° angle.
FACIAL REGION :
nose: In the extension of the muzzle, seen from the side, the part is vertical. Very developed, with good nostrils. open, the nose is rounded and strictly black.
Muzzle: the muzzle is just under half the size of the length of the head. The suborbital region is nicely chiseled. the chamfer is much shallower than long. the sides of the muzzle are parallel, but its anterior surface forms a curved line to join the lateral sides; seen from the front, the chamfer must therefore not have a square appearance. It is straight, with well-marked furrows in the central part of the body.
Lips: Front view, the junction of the upper lips takes them in the form of a wide open arch.
They are poorly developed in depth and the commission of lips is not visible. The upper lips adapt perfectly on the lower lips so that the lower profile of the muzzle is defined by the mandible. The perimeter of the lips is rigorously pigmented with black.
Jaws/teeth: normally developed and light in appearance, they fit perfectly together. The mandible, with straight branches, is neither prominent nor receding in its front part. the dental arches fit perfectly and the incisors are articulated in scissors. The teeth are white and the developed and complete teeth.
Eyes: The eyes are bright and attentive. The eyes are bigger than the normal and of a rather rounded shape. The eyelids stick together perfectly to the eyeball, which should not be too deep in orbit, but rather at the top of the head, somewhat prominent. The two eyes are inserted on the same almost frontal plane. Viewed from a face, they must not reveal the sclera (white part of the eyes); the iris is a dark ochre colour; the eye contour and the third eyelid is pigmented black.
Ears: Almost triangular in shape, their width represents about 1/3 of their length. The ears set well above of the zygomatic arch, are hanging along the sides of the skull and very low levels.
NECK: although the neck is covered with thick hair, the demarcation of the neck is clearly visible. the upper profile is arched. the length of the neck is about half the height at the withers. the neck is well erect, with no loose skin.
BODY: The length measured between the tip of the shoulder and the point of the buttock exceeds by 1/3 the height at the withers.
Top line: Straight to tail attachment.
Withers: Slightly out of the topline.
Back: The back measures more than half the height at the withers.
Croup: Located in the extension of the dorsolumbar line, the croup is very wide and long, with an oblique angle of 10°. under the horizontal.
Chest: Broad, deep, well developed and well developed, reaching below the elbows, with not too arched ribs and a region of sternal very long.
TAIL: Set in the extension of the croup, the tail is course at the root and fine at the tip. She draws a picture of a beautiful curve, the end of which falls between the hips when touching the butt. a curved tail on the side is allowed.
Overview: Overall, members are well attached to the body, plumb and parallel.
Shoulder: The length represents about 1/3 of the height at the withers, with shoulder tips wide apart and relaxed.
Upper arm: Longer than the shoulder blade, with good angulation.
Elbow: Neither inward nor outward facing.
Forearm: The forearm is dry with few visible muscles but a fairly robust bone structure in relation to the breed's size.
Carpus (wrist): In the vertical extension of the forearm, the carpus is mobile and covered with thin skin, without being gnarled.
Pastern: Has the same characteristics as the carpus and vertical because of its small size.
Forefeet: The feet are rounded, the toes well defined. tight and arched; the pads are black pigmented and the nails also, or at least dark.
HIND MEMBERS :
Overview: Robust frame. Seen from behind, the members are parallel and vertical from the tip of the buttock to the ground.
upper thigh: Very muscular, with a convex hind line. Its axis from top to bottom and back to front is somewhat oblique by to the vertical.
Stifle (knee): The joint is well mobile, neither turned towards inside, or facing outwards.
Leg: Has a barely visible depression between the tendon and the bone and an obliquity of 55° below the horizontal. the leg is slightly longer than the thigh.
Hock: The anterior angle of the hock is 140°.
Metatarsus: The distance between the tip of the hock and the ground represents a little more than 1/3 of the height at the withers. The metatarsals are positioned low and perfectly upright.
Hind feet: The feet are rounded, the toes well defined. tight and arched; the pads are black pigmented and the nails also, or at least dark.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Regular, clear and level step, with a trot at the short and very fast strides.
SKIN: Perfectly applied to the different parts of the body, the skin is pigmented with black and wine-coloured spots, particularly in the back level.
Hair quality: The hair is thick, shiny, shiny, glossy, heavy and silky, very long over the whole body and stiff over its entire length, without a trace of waves or loops. at the trunk level, the hair must be longer than the height at the withers and fall heavily to the ground like a cape that would marry the trunk without forming an opening, flakes or streaks.
wicks and flakes are allowed at the level of the forelegs, between the elbow and the foot, as well as in the hind legs, between the stifle and the foot. No undercoat. The hair is very long. at the level of the head and snout where it blends with the beard, as well as then at the top of the skull where he falls down to get lost in the hair that covers the ears. On the tail, the hair falls off by one on the side of the trunk, i. e. on the flank and thigh, to the level of the hock joint.
Hair colour: The hair is pure white, although a pale ivory colour. Traces of pale orange shades are permitted. but unwanted and constitute an imperfection.
Size and weight:
Height at withers: Males from 21 to 25 cm. females from 20 to 23 cm.
Weight: between 3 and 4 kg.
Faults: any deviation from the above must be considered as a defect which will be penalized according to its severity and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog.
- bilateral strabismus (the suspicious subject).
- trunk exaggeratedly long.
- Busqué chamfer.
- Strong lower progressivity.
- Males are larger than 26 cm or smaller than 19 cm. females are larger than 25 cm or smaller than 18 cm.
DEFECTS LEADING TO EXCLUSION:
- aggressive or fearful dog.
- any dog with obvious abnormalities of order physical or behavioral will be disqualified.
- divergence or marked convergence of the craniofacial axes.
- total depigmentation of the truffle or truffle of a different color than black.
• oeil vairon.
• dépigmentation total des paupières.
• anourie ou brachyourie, tant congénitale qu’artificielle.
• Poil frisé.
• Toute teinte autre que le blanc à l’exception de l’ivoire pâle.
• Taches de différentes couleurs, quelle que soit leur taille.
•Les chiens mâles doivent distinguer le chien comme testicules normaux complètement descends dans le scrotum.
• Seuls les chiens sains et capables d’accomplir les fonctions pour qui est marqué, qui est la formetypique de la de la race, peuvent être utilisés pour la reproduction.