DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL STANDARD IN FORCE: 13.03.2001.
USE: Companion dog.
FCI Classification: Group 5 Spitz and type dogs
Section 5 Asian Spitz and races related.
A brief HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Originally, all races Japanese canines were small to medium in size and there were no large breeds of any size. From 1603, from the region of Akita, the dogs named "Akita Matagis" (size dogs the average for bear hunting) were used as dogs of
combat. Since 1868, the breed has been crossed with the Tosa and with Mastiffs. As a result of these crosses, the size of the breed increased, but some of the characteristics of Spitz dogs disappeared.
in 1908, dog fighting was banned. The race made
nevertheless preserved and improved; it later became a large Japanese breed, and in 1931, 9 elite dogs were designated as "Historical Monuments".
During the Second World War (1939-1945) it was common to use dog skins to make clothing military. The police ordered the capture and forfeiture of all dogs except the German Shepherds who were reserved for military tasks. Some amateurs tried to circumvent the law by crossing their dogs with German Shepherds.
At the end of the Second World War, the number of Akitas being dangerously reduced and the dogs came in three types different: 1) Akitas Matagis, 2) Akitas fighting dogs and 3) German Akitas/Shepherds. The situation of the race was seriously disturbed. during the period of the restoration of the pure race after the war, Kongo-go, a dog from the Dewa bloodline, enjoys popularity temporary, but extremely important; this dog had externally the characteristic features of Mastiffs' influence and of German banks. The number of Akita breeders increased and the breed became very popular with the public. However, enlightened amateurs refused to accept this type of dog as a true Japanese breed and tried to eliminate the characteristics of foreign races by crossing with Matagi Akitas; the goal was to find the original type of the breed. These successful efforts
have stabilized the pure strain of large Akita well known nowadays.
Large-sized dog of constitution robust, well proportioned, with a lot of substance; characters secondary sexual activity clearly marked. Great nobility and dignity in simplicity. Robust construction.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The ratio between the height at withers and body length (from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) is 10 to 11, but females have a slight body longer than males.
Behavior/ TEMPERAMENT: Calm, faithful, docile and receptive.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull: The skull is well proportioned to the body; the forehead is wide and the frontal furrow is clean, wrinkle-free.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose: Large and black. A lack of light pigmentation and diffused on the nose is acceptable only in subjects white. However, black is always preferred.
Muzzle: Moderately long and strong; its base is broad; it goes in shrinking, but it's not sharp. The chamfer is straight.
Jaws/teeth: Strong teeth with a scissor bite.
Cheeks: Moderately developed.
Eyes: Relatively small, almost triangular since the angle the outer eye is slightly pulled upwards, arranged in such a way as to be moderately wide apart, dark brown in color; the more the color is dark, better that way.
Ears: Relatively small, thick, triangular, slightly
rounded at the tip, set moderately apart, erect. and inclined forward.
NECK: Thick and muscular, without dewlap, proportionate to the head.
Back: Straight and solid.
Loin: Broad and muscular.
Chest: High with the well developed sternal region; ribs are moderately curved.
Bottom line and belly: Well spiced up.
TAIL: Set on high; tail thick and carried well.
rolled on the back; the tip almost reaches the hock when it is rolled up. pull down.
Shoulders: Moderately oblique and developed.
Elbows: Close to the body.
Forearm: Straight, with a strong bone structure.
Forefeet: Thick, round, arched and tight.
HIND MEMBERS :
Overview: Well developed, strong, moderately angulated.
Hind feet: Thick, round, arched and tight.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Elastic and powerful movement.
Hair quality: The topcoat is hard and straight; the undercoat is supple and dense; the withers and rump are covered with a hair slightly longer; the hair on the tail is longer than that on the rest of the body.
Hair color: Red-fawn, sesame (red-fawn hairs with
black tips), brindle and white. All the colors mentioned above, except for the white, must have "urajiro". (Urajiro = hair on the lateral faces of the muzzle, on the cheeks, under the jaw, on the throat, chest, and belly, on the underside of the tail and the internal face of the limbs).
SIZE: Height at withers: males: 67 cm,
Females: 61 cm. with a tolerance of 3 cm more or less.
FAULTS: Any deviation from the above must be
considered as a defect which will be penalized according to its the severity and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog.
- Effeminate males, male females.
- Overshot and undershot.
- Missing teeth.
- Tongue spotted with blue or black.
- Light-colored iris.
- Short tail.
- Fearful dogs.
DEFECTS LEADING TO EXCLUSION:
- Aggressive or fearful dog.
- Any dog with obvious abnormalities of order
physical or behavioral will be disqualified.
- Ears not erect.
- Hanging tail.
- Long coat (shaggy).
- Black Mask.
- Marks on a white background.